Where Is Bad Debt Expense Reported On the Income Statement?


Acquiring and managing a team means improving its milestones when struggling with not results as well. Your business must negotiate with the many things as a value for providing credit is unpaid debt or bad debt expenses. Usually, having a loss on a bad deal may not show that the firm must cover its full debt.

In this post, you can learn the meaning of bad debt expense and how you can deal with bad debt expenses, use direct-write off or deduction methods, and remove such costs from your income taxes.

Definition of Bad Debt Expense

Money which is debt to you and that cannot be recovered or returned is bad debt expense. Usually, when a person buys your business’s goods and services on debit and will not pay off the making money of credit. This cost is a contingency that is being compensated by all other companies when consumer guarantees with products or services on credit. As defined by the Canada Revenue Department, only after all credit forms have been terminated is this expense known as a bad debt expense.

Bad debt as loss of capital

It must have happened in one of two cases for bad debt to be recognized as a capital loss by the CRA:

  • To receive revenue from your company or land, you have accumulated bad debt.
  • You also obtained bad debt as a transaction for the cash flow generated capital in an agreed fixed deal.

Know how to register a capital loss converted into bad debt.

Direct Write-Off Method vs Method of Allowance

The company would need to account for bad debt in its financial books and accounting reports in each accounting cycle. To use it, you will have to register your accounts in a bad debt expense journal.

Deducting one account for the same balance and crediting another indicates recording the bad debt. It can be performed either using the direct write-off or payment accounting procedures in one of two ways.

Direct Write Off Method:

The direct write off method enables companies to pay for the debt at any time of the year and will not be recovered or paid by the consumer. It is possible to pay for this unrecoverable cost of one double journal entry.

Use the accounting method for deducting Bad Debt Expense accounts or even the unrecoverable accounts after your company decides that even a bed debt is unpayable while crediting Financial Statements for equivalent value. For companies which use cash accounting, this method works perfectly.

Allowance Method:

At the end of the financial year, the allowance method deals for bad debt. The company wants to reevaluate its accounts receivable and evaluate the unpayable bad debt expenses. The approximate balance might be deducted from the Bad Debt Expense account each month of the year and charged to a Contra account, known as Allowance for Doubtful Accounts or even the Bad Debt Allowance.

At the beginning of a year, an allowance for doubtful accounts will be generated and is just a fixed amount; one which you consider covers the estimated debt losses per year. This allowance account is a permanent account that will also show your company’s financial reports, generally the financial statements. It refers to the balance already reported in Receivable Accounts for bad debt expected and reserved.

Like with the bad debt expense account, which percent of invoices you estimate to go unpaid for that year may need to be calculated, consider the interactions you have with your client base and the company’s credit terms under consideration. It will then deposit a percentage of revenue in the bad debt expense account every time a sale occurs.

This method helps businesses estimate the number of bad debts that may happen throughout a specific year’s financial dealings and then choose to retain a debt fund or balance account.

From Your Taxes Deducting Bad Debt:

You should have done one of two things for all the CRA to recognize bad debt as a deductible expense:

  • Calculated that, also in a stated tax year, accounts payable is a bad debt
  • The receivable has already been included in earnings

Afterwards, by reporting this as a business expense on your taxation report, you will all be allowed to assert bad debt using Form T2125, Report of Company or Qualified Services, Line 8590. Note that you could have also declared the unpaid invoice on a past year’s taxable income as income at this time.


When working with your clients, just because bad debt is a possibility doesn’t simply mean you can stop extending credit, especially if you lose any business in the long run by eliminating the loan. There are many ways wherein the cost of unpaid invoices and debts owing can be mitigated. Make sure your journal entries are correct, including expense tracking and classification for your verification purpose. The company can earn their bad debt expenses using such an online accounting system from Quick Books services.

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